What is the difference between medical and industrial oxygen gas?
The difference between medical and industrial oxygen gas is mainly in their purpose, purity, and regulation. Medical oxygen gas is used for breathing and life support, while industrial oxygen gas is used for combustion and chemical reactions. Medical oxygen gas has a higher purity than industrial oxygen gas, and it is regulated by the FDA to ensure safety and quality. Industrial oxygen gas is not safe to inhale, and it is not regulated as strictly as medical oxygen gas. Here are some more details about the difference between medical and industrial oxygen gas:
- Purpose: Medical oxygen gas is used to help patients with respiratory conditions, such as asthma, pneumonia, or COVID-19, to maintain healthy blood oxygen levels. It can also be used for anesthesia, oxygen therapy, first aid resuscitation, and life support. Industrial oxygen gas is used for various industrial processes, such as oxidation, coal gasification, metal and steel cutting, welding, brazing, flame cleaning, hardening, and straightening. It can also be used as a bleaching chemical in the pulp and paper industry.
- Purity: Medical oxygen gas has a purity of at least 99.5%, which means it contains very little impurities, such as water, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, or other gases. Industrial oxygen gas has a lower purity, ranging from 90% to 99%, depending on the application. It may contain more impurities, such as moisture, oil, or dust, which can affect its performance and safety.
- Regulation: Medical oxygen gas is regulated by the FDA as a drug, which means it has to meet certain standards and specifications for purity, quality, labeling, storage, and distribution. It also requires a prescription from a doctor or a medical professional to be administered to patients. Industrial oxygen gas is not regulated by the FDA, but by other agencies, such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) or the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which set guidelines and limits for its production, use, and emission. It does not require a prescription, but it should be handled with care and caution.
I hope this information helps you understand the difference between medical and industrial oxygen gas. 😊
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